Sun . 19 Sep 2019

Russian evangelism

Evangelical Christians - a movement of Protestant Christianity, close to Baptism according to a number of experts - a variation of Baptism. It spread in Russia at the end of the 19th - first half of the 20th century. In 1944, the churches of evangelical Christians and Baptists entered into one union of All-ECHB, forming a single confession of Evangelical Christian-Baptists
1 Name
2 Theology
21 Beliefs
22 Self-identification
3 History
31 Spiritual Awakening in Russia
32 Activities of Prokhanov
33 Soviet Period
4 Modernity 5 Organizations 5 6 Periodicals
7 Persons
8 Notes
9 Literature
By the names of the leaders, the movement participants were informally referred to as “unofficial”, then “Pashkovites”, and later “Prokhanovtsy”
Self-determination “Evangelical Christians” presents a certain complexity, which should not be confused with a similarly sound term meaning a group of related confessions of the evangelical direction of evangelicals. Some of these confessions have no direct relation to prokhanovtsam, but have Significant differences in theology and church practice. For example, the Pentecostal communities that existed in Russia from the 1910s did not attempt to merge with the Prokhanovites, and even called themselves "Christians of the Gospel Faith" or "Christians of the Evangelical Faith" to differ from them
Theology correct
Evangelical Christians
Doctrine and Baptist Creed
The Five Foundations of Protestant Theology in Persons
Wheeler, Johann
Pavlov, Vasily Guryevich
Voronin, Nikita Isaevich
Mazaev, Dey Ivanovich
Prokhanov, Ivan Stepanovich
Kargel, Ivan Veniaminovich
Karev, Alexander Vasilyevich
Vins, Georgy Petrovich
Sipko, Yury Kirillovich
Smirnov, Alexey Vasilyevich
Union of Russian Baptists

World Union of Baptists
Cover of a brochure with the creed of Evangelical Christians by E In Kargel
Some researchers have seen a kind of Baptism in Evangelical Christian Prokhanovists12, others have seen the movement close to Baptism34567891011121314 Since the 1910s, when distinctly formed their theology as a whole. Evangelical Christians adhered to Baptist dogma, but had some unimportant differences from the version of Baptism that they professed in the Union of Russian Baptists. First, unlike Russian Baptists who adhered to at least formally Calvinist theological doctrines. , evangelical Christians stood on the position of Arminianism. Arminianism was officially enshrined in two dogmas of Evangelical Christians, composed by And With Prokhanov and And In Kargel,
secondly, there were differences of a liturgical character. Thus, evangelical Christians practiced the open Evening, which was open to all who wished, while Baptists received communion at the closed Evenings. Only members of the Baptist communities were allowed. Another difference was the absence of the practice of laying hands of ministers on Baptist communities. heads of baptized immediately after baptism
Finally, the role of elders in the communities of evangelical Christians was noticeably less than in the communities of Baptists Even, in fact, to the ordination of elders Deacons evangelical Christians treated cooler For example, the leader of the movement And S Prokhanov was ordained to the elders only in 1924
The teachings to correct
At the Second All-Russian Congress of Evangelical Christians in December 1910 - January 1911, the same convention that established ALL was approved The official dogma of Evangelical Christians, compiled by And With Prokhanov 15 This dogma did not contradict the general Baptist
In addition, in 1913 the dogma And V Kargel was published - unofficial, but authoritative among believers Their 16
Founder of the Gospel Movement Grenville Redstock was baptized in the Anglican Church and never severed ties with her. For some time Redstock was influenced by the Plymouth brothers. It is believed that the leader of the Pashkovite movement Vasily Pashkov was baptized in 1883 from the Plymouth. Brothers Many members of the evangelical movement of the first decades did not formally break with the Orthodox Church, did not deny child baptism that was categorically unacceptable in baptism. The next leader of the movement - And S. Prokhano after some time he accepted Baptist self-identification, being elected Vice-President of the World Baptist Union17 After unsuccessful attempts to unite with Russian Baptists, Prokhanov stopped identifying the movement with Baptism18 In his autobiography, written in emigration, Prokhanov avoided any mention of his connections with the Baptism in his emigration, in every way possible, Prokhanov avoided any mention of his connections with Baptism
However, in 1944, under the pressure of the Soviet government, evangelical Christians and Baptists united into one denomination. History
Orthodox Spiritual Awakening in Russia The movement in St. Petersburg and in the north-west of the Russian Empire was promoted by the preaching of the missionary from the Plymouth brothers of Lord Granville Valdigrev Redstok, who was able to convince the movement of the Evangelical Christians about the truth of the movement of the Evangelical Christians he was taken over by his follower, retired guard colonel Vasily Alexandrovich Pashkov20
Redstoke students organized missionary work among the slaves sneeze of St. Petersburg, which was later moved to Moscow, Tver, Tula, Nizhny Novgorod, Pskov and other central provinces of Russia. In 1884, a unifying congress of evangelical Christians was convened under the leadership of Pashkov. The event was banned by the police, and the leaders of the movement, including the movement itself Pashkov, forced to leave the country
Activity Prokhanovapravit
The 10th All-Union Congress of Evangelical Christians in Leningrad 1926
Nevertheless, the Pashkovites communities continued to exist and a new stage in the development of the movement with Yazan named IS Prokhanov, baptized in 1886 in the Baptist community of Vladikavkaz. Prokhanov arrived in St. Petersburg to study at the Institute of Technology in 1888. Among the evangelical Christians since 1888, Prokhanov also finds himself forced to go emigrating in 1895, from where he received the theological education, returns to St. Petersburg in 1901, and embarks on active preaching and publishing activities. Meanwhile, major changes began to occur in the Pashkov community, for example, by 1902 the decision was made to take to church without baptism, which was previously completely acceptable21
In 1909, the First Congress of Evangelical Christians was held in St. Petersburg in Russia in 1909, and the Second in 1911, at which the All-Russian Union of Evangelical Christians ALL was founded, whose chairman was Ivan Stepanovich Prokhanov At the same congress, the Doctrine of Evangelical Christians, compiled by Prokhanov, was adopted, which is a variation of Baptist dogma In particular, the "Prokhanov" doctrine declared the invalidity of baptism in relation to children
At the Second World Congress of Baptists in 1911, ALL entered the World Baptist Alliance, and Prokhanov was elected one of the six vice-presidents of this international association. During the First World War, the prosecution of Evangelical Christians by the government resumed, which ceased with victory The February Revolution of 1917, the leadership of ALL was headed for social and political activity, in particular, established the Christian Democratic Party "Resurrection". An important area of activity ALL became the organization of agricultural communes, some of which continued to exist until the end of the 1920s. Negotiations were held with the Soviet authorities on the founding of evangelical Christians of a large settlement in the Asian part of the country, which was planned to be called the city of the Gospel. The Fifth Far Eastern Congress of Evangelical Christians in Vladivostok in 1926. Nevertheless, already in 1928, the public activity of the union was almost completely curtailed under pressure from the authorities, and its leader, Ivan P Rohanov was forced to emigrate
Soviet period

Council of the All-Union Council of Evangelical Christians Prokhanovites Circa 1927 In the center - And With Prokhanov, to his right - And In Kargel Far left - AV Karev
During the 1930s and before the start of the Second World War, Evangelical Christians were repressed, many members of ALL were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment, as a result of which this body functioned irregularly, although it was not dissolved. After the liquidation of the Baptist Union in 1935, some of its members became part of ALL,and in 1942, a number of Baptist leaders formally appealed to the leadership of Evangelical Christians with a request to take the remaining Baptist communities under their guardianship. 22 In October 1944, at a meeting of representatives of both churches, it was decided to unite, resolve controversial issues and form the All-Union Council of Evangelical Christians and Baptists In the future, Evangelical Christians in the USSR were organizationally included in the structure common with Baptists and, in fact, were one confession
August 1 In 1992, in Moscow, at the congress of representatives of churches, it was announced that the Union of Churches of Evangelical Christians STECH was reinstated. However, most of the communities that belonged to ALL until 1944 remained in common with the Baptists. In subsequent years, in different regions of Russia as well as in other CIS countries, separate communities and centralized unions of Evangelical Christians were formed, claiming for spiritual succession from ALL
During the congress dedicated to the centenary anniversary of the movement in Moscow in April 2009 Evangelical Christians in Russia officially announced the formation on the basis of a number of such associations and autonomous churches of the All-Russian Commonwealth of Evangelical Christians of ALL, elected Chairman of the Council is P T Ten, secretary - AT Semchenko
Before preparing the Second Congress of ALL, held in April 2011 in Moscow, the composition of the members of the Council of the All-Russian Commonwealth of Evangelical Christians expanded with new members, and P Kolesnikov was elected the new Chairman of the Council
Organizational and Russian Gospel with Yuz, 1906–1912
All-Russian Union of Evangelical Christians, 1909–1944
The World Union of Evangelical Christians, from the Late 1920s
Periodical editions, right
Russian Worker Magazine, published in 1875–1886
Christian magazine, published in 1905−1928 with interruptions, appendices to it - “Bratsky leaf”, “Young Vineyard”, “Children's Friend”
“Sower” magazine, published in 1907–1913
The Morning Star newspaper, published in 1910–1922 with interruptions
“Word and Life” magazine, published in the 1921–1922 edition of the Far Eastern Division of ALL
Evangelis Journal t ”edition of evangelical Christians in Ukraine, published in 1927
The Journal of Evangelical Faith, published by the World Union of Evangelical Christians Abroad in 1932–1938
The Journal of the Gospel, published by the World Union of Evangelical Christians Abroad 1962—1966
The Russian Worker Magazine
The Christian Magazine
Granville Valdigrev Redstok
Vasily Alexandrovich Pashkov
Ivan Veniaminovich Kargel
Ivan Stepanovich Prokhanov
Vladimir Khristianovich Offenberg
Nikolai Eliseevich Gorinovich
Alexey Pavlov ich Bobrinsky
Yuliya Denisovna Zasetskaya
Elizaveta Ivanovna Chertkova
Alexander Vasilyevich Karev
Alexander Mikhailovich Maksimovsky
Notes to correct
↑ Klibanov AI The history of religious sectarianism in Russia 60s XIX in - 1917 Mr. - M: "Science", 1965 - From 193
↑ Mitrokhin, 1997, from 230
↑ Evangelical Christians // Protestantism / Edited by LN Mitrokhin - M: Politizdat, 1990 - From 103-105 - 319 p - The Atheist's Dictionary
↑ Mitrokhin LN Baptism - 2nd ed. - M: The Publishing House of Political Literature, 1974 - p. 60 - 263 p. - Modern Religions
↑ Puffs P And Euroa Asian Union of Evangelical Christians-Baptists // Peoples and Religions of the World: Encyclopedia / Gl ed by VA Tishkov - M: The Great Russian Encyclopedia, 1998 - 928 p.
↑ UB Screaming Gospel Christians // Great Soviet Encyclopedia / AM Prokhorov - 3rd ed. - M: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1972 - T 8
↑ Tretyakov AB Evangelical Christians // Religious Studies / Encyclopedic Dictionary / Zabiyako AP, Krasnikov A.N., Elbakyan ES - M: Academic Project, 2006 - 1256 p. - ISBN 5-8291-0756-2
↑ Evangelicals, Evangelicals, Christians // Big Encyclopedic Dictionary / Gl ed A M Prokhorov - 2nd pererab and dop - M: Great Russian Encyclopedia, 2000 - 1456 p. - ISBN 5-85270-160-2
↑ Braslavsky L Yu Evangelical Christians // Chuvash Encyclopedia / Gl ed V S. Grigoriev - Cheboksary : Chuvash Publishing House, 2006 - T 1 - 583 p - 5000 copies - ISBN 5-7670-1471-X
↑ Smirnov M Yu Evangelical Christians // Reformation and Protestantism: Vocabulary - St. Petersburg: Publishing House of St. Petersburg University, 2005 - 197 p. - ISBN 5-288-03727-2
↑ Yablokov and N. Gospel Christians // Educational Dictionary - Religious Studies Minimum - M: Gardariki, 2000 - 536 p. - ISBN 5-8297 -0060-3

↑ Vorob'yova M In Evangelical Christians // Dictionary “Christian Differences” - St. Petersburg: Publishing House of St. Petersburg University, 2004 - 96 p.
↑ Kasperavichyus M Evangelical Christians Evangelicals, RDs, Pashkovites // Christianity A brief reference dictionary - L: Association Nevsky Prospect, 1991 - 48 p.
İ P & P Gospel Christians // Orthodox Encyclopedia T XVII - M: Church-Scientific Center “Orthodox Encyclopedia”, 2008 - C 40-44 - 752 c - 39 000 copies - ISBN 978-5-89572-030-1
↑ Brochure "Protocols of the 2nd All-Russian Congress of Evangelical x Christians ", St. Petersburg, 1911, C17
↑ Karetnikova MS - To the 70th anniversary of the death of IV Kargel,
↑ Puzynin, 2011, p 20:" For a number of years Prokhanov tried unsuccessfully to create a common union with Baptists, accepting Baptist identification at this time, being elected Vice-President of the World Baptist Union ”
↑ Puzynin, 2011, pp. 20-21:“ As a result of an unsuccessful attempt to reform the Russian Orthodox Church and come to unity with the Baptists Prokhanov modified the identification of the movement, and his own, through the editor a revision of the history of previous relations with the Baptist movement In the revision version, the movement was represented as a world union of a qualitatively new Christianity, different from all Western denominations including Baptists, "
↑ Puzynin, 2010, 299-300
↑ Popov In Evangelical Christians -pashkovtsy: The emergence and spiritual and educational service of 1874-1884 // Almanac Divine Thought No. 7 - Odessa: EXB Seminary, 1998
↑ Baptist Magazine, 1925, No. 6-7, C38-39
↑ Mitrokhin , 1997, pp. 356–469
Literature, right
Paszkivtsi // Encyclopedic dictionary Gauss and Efrona: in 86 t 82 t and 4 dop - St. Petersburg, 1890-1907
Mitrokhin LN Baptism: history and modern times philosophical and sociological essays - St. Petersburg: RHGI, 1997 - 480 p - 2500 copies - ISBN 5-88812 -037-5
Puzynin AP The Tradition of Evangelical Christians Studying Identity and Theology from Its Inception to the Present - M: Biblical Theological Institute of St. Andrew, 2010 - 523 p - ISBN 978-5-89647-235-3
Puzynin AP Tradition of Evangelical Christians: Analysis of Self-Identification 1874-2008 // Red-state NA Belyakova, A Sinichkin 105 Years of Legalization of Russian Baptism: Materials he International Scientific-Practical Conference - Moscow, 2011 - From 16-23 - ISBN 5-902917-03-4

Russian evangelism

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